“Tyrolean Landscape” — Or Is It?

This is by Albert Bierstadt, the 19th-century painter who’s best known for his landscapes of the American West. It’s from 1868 and titled “Tyrolean Landscape“, but I am not so sure. There may very well be a duet of jagged mountain peaks in Tirol that look just like this…

…but it bears an uncanny resemblance to the Watzmann, which is in Berchtesgaden.(Image found here.

Yes, I can sense you shrugging your shoulders and rolling your eyes all the way from here — does it matter, you ask? Why yes, it does. Try calling a Tiroler German someday, see where that gets you.🙂

And since Berchtesgaden belongs to a little dangling peninsula that’s surrounded by Austria, I looked on a map to see if it were possible that one could paint the Watzmann this large while actually standing in Tirol — nope, it’s Salzburg Land all around for kilometers. Was he (1) misinformed about his location, (2) is this indeed another mountain group, or (3) am I missing some important border realignment from the First World War?

But as long as we’re discussing the Watzmann, here is one by Caspar David Friedrich, who had never actually seen the Watzmann with his own eyes and only knew the mountain from others’ works (come to think of it, we’ll call that (4) and it may be the best answer to the above question.)

and one by Adrian Ludwig Richter, which I happen to like the most. It reminds me little of landscapes by the Tirolean artist Rudolf Lehnert.

Friedrich and Richter images found here.

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2 Responses to “Tyrolean Landscape” — Or Is It?

  1. Paschberg says:

    Till Napoleon Berchtesgaden was part of prince-archbishopric Salzburg, as well as Zillertal and Brixenthal. It might be possible that writers like Ludwig Steub (same time as Bierstadt) have created a wider concept of Tyrol, incorporating areas around. Therefor maybe in english “The Tyrol?
    Btw. The Bierstadt-series on wiki paintings is great.
    and this tyrolen scene http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/albert-bierstadt/tyrolean-landscape-1868#supersized-artistPaintings-260202 could be the traunsee – so Bierstadt Tyrol is a bit larger and his paintings seem to be topographical not totally exact.

  2. Marcellina says:

    Yes, I am beginning to understand that many artists took “poetic license” with their landscapes, using their sketches as a base from which to create something else. Interesting to me is that the mountain in the Bierstadt painting is every notch and jagged edge the Watzmann, a rather famous mountain, and he did not name it that.
    ” ‘The’ Tyrol”: I have never been able to figure out where that came from. (Maybe some British traveller who wrote it in a book, and it stuck.)
    I also don’t like to write it with ‘y’ but that’s just me.

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